VAT Calculator

VAT Calculator
VAT (Value Added Tax) is an indirect tax levied on the value of goods, services, and works at each stage of their production and distribution, as well as upon import. This tax is added to the price of a product or service, and ultimately, it is paid by the end consumer. The calculator will help to extract or calculate VAT for various tax rates.
Tax Rate, %

VAT, or Value Added Tax, is an indirect tax levied on the price of goods and services at every stage of production and distribution, from raw materials to the final consumer. The VAT is paid to the government by businesses, but the cost is ultimately borne by the end consumer of the goods or services. This tax reflects the value added at each stage in the production and distribution of goods and services.

In most countries, VAT constitutes a significant source of government revenue. VAT rates can vary depending on the type of goods or services and are determined by each country's policy. Some goods or services, such as food, medical supplies, and educational services, may be subject to preferential or reduced VAT rates.

Key Concepts

Added value represents the increase in value that occurs at each stage of the production and distribution process of goods and services. In the context of VAT, it is the difference between the sales price of goods or services and the cost of inputs used in their production.

The VAT tax base is the total sales value of goods or services, which is subject to tax. This includes the cost of materials, labor, services, intellectual property rights, and more.

VAT rates vary based on the type of goods or services and are established by the legislation of each country. There are standard, reduced, and zero VAT rates.

Extracting VAT refers to the process of calculating the amount of tax included in the price of a product or service. This is crucial for businesses as it allows them to determine the amount of tax to be reclaimed or paid to the treasury.

Accruing VAT involves the process of recording the tax in the accounting books upon the sale of goods or services. It is a critical step in establishing tax obligations to the government.

Extracting VAT

To extract VAT from an amount in which it is already included, the following formula is used:

\[ \text{VAT} = \text{Amount with VAT} \times \frac{\text{VAT Rate}}{100 + \text{VAT Rate}} \]


  • VAT — the amount of value-added tax that needs to be extracted;
  • Amount with VAT — the total amount including VAT;
  • VAT Rate — the VAT percentage rate established by legislation.

Extracting VAT is necessary in order to accurately account for tax liabilities and correctly prepare tax reporting.

  1. Determining the tax base. The first step in the process of extracting VAT is to determine the tax base, that is, the amount from which VAT will be calculated. The tax base includes the total cost of the product or service without VAT.

  2. Applying the VAT rate. Next, the corresponding VAT rate (standard, reduced, or zero) set by legislation is applied to the tax base. The result is the amount of VAT that must be extracted from the total cost of the product or service.

  3. Calculating the VAT amount. The VAT amount is calculated as the product of the tax base by the VAT rate. For example, if the cost of a product is 1000 units with a VAT rate of 20%, then the VAT amount will be 200 units.

  4. Extracting VAT from the total cost. After calculating the VAT amount, it needs to be extracted from the total sales cost to determine what portion of the funds is tax and is to be transferred to the budget. This allows the company to understand what part of the revenue is attributable to VAT.

  5. Accounting for VAT in bookkeeping. The extracted VAT amount is reflected in the accounting as tax payable. This is important for forming accurate tax reporting and fulfilling tax obligations to the state.

The mechanism of extracting VAT requires companies to be attentive and precise in their calculations, as errors can lead to tax reassessments and penalties. Understanding and correctly applying this mechanism is a key aspect of effective tax planning and financial management.

Charging VAT

Charging VAT is the process where VAT liabilities are formed in the accounting records of a company.

To charge VAT, a formula is used that allows calculating the amount of value-added tax based on the cost of goods or services without VAT and the VAT rate. The formula is as follows:

\[ \text{VAT} = \text{Cost without VAT} \times \frac{\text{VAT Rate}}{100} \]


  • VAT — the amount of value-added tax that needs to be charged;
  • Cost without VAT — the initial cost of the product or service without VAT;
  • VAT Rate — the percentage rate of value-added tax established by legislation (for example, 20%).

The basis for charging VAT lies in the moment of sale of the product or service. From this moment, the company is obliged to charge VAT on the sale, based on the applicable VAT rate to the tax base. The tax base is determined as the total cost of sold goods or services without VAT.

The process of charging VAT includes several key steps:

  1. Determining the tax base. First, it is necessary to determine the cost of sold goods or services.
  2. Applying the VAT rate: The corresponding VAT rate (standard, reduced, or zero) is applied to the tax base to calculate the amount of tax payable.
  3. Forming tax liabilities. The calculated VAT amount is reflected in the accounting as the company's tax liabilities to the state.
  4. Paying VAT to the budget. The charged VAT is paid to the budget within the deadlines set by legislation.

All operations of selling goods or services must be properly documented with invoices or other documents confirming the fact of sale and the amount of charged VAT. Companies have the right to deduct input VAT paid when purchasing goods or services used in economic activities. This allows reducing the total amount of tax payable to the budget.

Understanding the mechanism of charging VAT is crucial for proper accounting and tax planning, allowing companies to optimize their tax liabilities and avoid mistakes in calculations.

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